A. For Studying the situation in the Learning Process
Educational psychology contributes a lot to teachers and prospective teachers to improve the efficiency of the learning process at different conditions as below:
1. Understanding Individual Differences
A teacher must deal with a group of students in the classroom with caution, because the characteristics of each student is different. It is therefore very important to understand the different characteristics of students at various levels of growth and development to create effective learning and efficient. Educational psychology can help teachers and prospective teachers in understanding differences in student characteristics.
2. Creation of a Conducive Learning Climate in the Classroom
Good understanding of the classroom used in the learning process helps teachers to deliver material to students effectively. Climate conducive to learning must be created by the teacher so that the learning process can be run effectively. A teacher must know the correct principles in teaching and learning, a different approach in teaching to the learning process better. Educational psychology plays a role in helping teachers to create socio-emotional climate that is conducive in the classroom, so that the process of learning in the classroom can be effective.
3. Selection of Learning Strategies and Methods
Teaching methods are based on the characteristics of students’ progress. Educational psychology can assist teachers in determining the strategy or method of learning the proper and appropriate, and able to relate to the characteristics and uniqueness of the individual, the type of learning and learning styles and levels of development being experienced by the learner.
4. Provide guidance to students
A teacher must play different roles in the school, not only in the implementation of learning, but also act as mentors for students. Guidance is the kind of assistance to students to solve problems they encounter. Knowledge of educational psychology allows teachers to provide educational and vocational guidance necessary for students at different ages.
5. Evaluate Learning Outcomes
Teachers have to do two important activities in the classroom as teaching and evaluating. The evaluation helps in measuring student learning outcomes. Educational psychology can help teachers and prospective teachers in developing the evaluation of student learning that is more just, both in the technical evaluation, compliance with the principles of evaluation and determine the results of evaluations.
1. Establish Learning Objectives
The purpose of learning refers to changes in student behavior that is experienced after the implementation of the learning process. Educational psychology helps the teacher in determining the shape of the desired behavior change as the learning objectives.
2. Use of Learning Media
Knowledge of educational psychology teachers need to plan appropriate instructional media to be used. For example, the use of audio-visual media, so as to give a real picture to students.
3. Preparation of Lesson Schedule
Timetable should be drafted based on the psychology of the learner. For example, which is considered difficult subjects such as mathematics students placed at the beginning of class, where the conditions and spirit of the students were still fresh in receiving course materials.
Based on the description, it can be concluded that the overall educational psychology unto role in helping teachers to plan, organize and evaluate teaching and learning activities in schools.